"روس" جي ورجائن ۾ تفاوت

٩٬٠٣٩ بائيٽون واڌ ،  ٣ سال پهرين
سنوار جو تَتُ ڪونھي
ٽيگَ: موبائل سنوار موبائل ويب سنوار
{{Infobox country
| conventional_long_name = Russian Federation
| common_name = Russia
| native_name = {{native name|ru|Росси́йская Федерaция|italics=off}}<br />''{{small|Rossiyskaya Federatsiya}}''
| image_flag = Flag of Russia.svg
| image_coat = Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
| national_anthem = <br />"''[[National anthem of Russia|Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii]]''"{{nbsp|2}}{{small|([[Romanization of Russian|transliteration]])}}<br />{{small|"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"}}<br /><center>[[File:National Anthem of Russia (2000), instrumental, one verse.ogg]]<!-- Please do not replace this with the vocal version. In order to keep continuity with other Wikipedia pages on modern countries, the instrumental version should be used. --></center>
| image_map = Russian_Federation (orthographic_projection) - Crimea disputed.svg
| map_width = 220px
| map_caption = Location of Russia (green)<br /> Russian-administered [[Crimea]] ([[Political status of Crimea|disputed]]; light green)<sup>a</sup>
| capital = [[Moscow]]
| coordinates = {{Coord|55|45|N|37|37|E|type:city}}
| largest_city = capital
| official_languages = [[Russian language|Russian]]
| national_languages = See [[Languages of Russia]]
| ethnic_groups = {{unbulleted list
| 81.0% [[Russians|Russian]]
| 3.7% [[Tatars|Tatar]]
| 1.4% [[Ukrainians in Russia|Ukrainian]]
| 1.1% [[Bashkirs|Bashkir]]
| 1.0% [[Chuvash people|Chuvash]]
| 0.8% [[Chechen people|Chechen]]
| {{nowrap|11.0% others{{\}}unspecified}}
}}
[[Constitutional Republic|constitutional republic]]<ref>[[Wikisource:Constitution of Russia]]</ref>
| leader_title1 = [[President of Russia|President]]
| leader_name1 = [[Vladimir Putin]]
| leader_title2 = [[Prime Minister of Russia|Prime Minister]]
| leader_name2 = [[Dmitry Medvedev]]
| leader_title3 = [[Chairman of the Federation Council (Russia)|Chairman of the Federation Council]]
| leader_name3 = [[Valentina Matviyenko]]
| leader_title4 = [[Chairman of the State Duma]]
| leader_name4 = [[Vyacheslav Volodin]]
| legislature = [[Federal Assembly (Russia)|Federal Assembly]]
| upper_house = [[Federation Council (Russia)|Federation Council]]
| lower_house = [[State Duma]]
| sovereignty_type = [[History of Russia|Formation]]
| established_event1 = Arrival of [[Rurik]]<ref>
{{cite web|url=http://www.1150russia.ru/ukaz-prezidenta-rf-o-prazdnovanii-1150-letiya-zarozhdeniya-rossiyskoy-gosudarstvennosti.html |script-title=ru:Указ Президента РФ "О праздновании 1150-летия зарождения российской государственности" |trans-title=Presidential Decree "On celebrating the 1150th anniversary of Russian statehood" |language=Russian language |author= |date=March 3, 2011 |website=www.1150russia.ru |publisher={{lang|ru| Комитет культуры Новгородской области}} (Novgorod Region Culture Committee) |access-date=October 20, 2016 |quote= |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140714233159/http://www.1150russia.ru/ukaz-prezidenta-rf-o-prazdnovanii-1150-letiya-zarozhdeniya-rossiyskoy-gosudarstvennosti.html |archive-date=July 14, 2014 |dead-url=yes}}</ref>
| established_date1 = 862
| established_event2 = [[Kievan Rus']]
| established_date2 = 882
| established_event3 = [[Grand Duchy of Moscow]]
| established_date3 = 1283
| established_event4 = [[Tsardom of Russia|Tsardom]]
| established_date4 = January 16, 1547
| established_event5 = [[Russian Empire|Empire]]
| established_date5 = October 22, 1721
| established_event6 = [[Russian Republic|Republic]]
| established_date6 = September 14, 1917
| established_event7 = [[Russian Democratic Federative Republic|Russian State]]
| established_date7 = September 23, 1918
| established_event8 = [[Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|Russian SFSR]]
| established_date8 = [[October Revolution|November 7 (October 25, OS), 1917]]
| established_event9 = [[Soviet Union]]
| established_date9 = [[Treaty on the Creation of the USSR|December 30, 1922]]
| established_event10 = [[Russia Day|Sovereignty Declaration]]
| established_date10 = [[Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|June 12, 1990]]
| established_event11 = [[Belavezha Accords|CIS Declaration]]
| established_date11 = December 8, 1991<sup>b</sup>
| established_event12 = Russian SFSR renamed into the Russian Federation
| established_date12 = December 25, 1991<sup>b</sup>
| established_event13 = [[Constitution of Russia|Current constitution]]
| established_date13 = December 12, 1993
| area_km2 = 17,075,200 <ref>
{{cite web |url=http://geography.about.com/od/countryinformation/a/bigcountries.htm |title=Biggest Countries The Twenty Largest Countries in Area in the World|author=Matt Rosenberg |date= |website=About.com |access-date=October 20, 2016 |quote=}}</ref>
| area_rank = 1st
| area_sq_mi = 6,592,772
| percent_water = 13<ref name=gen>{{cite web|title=The Russian federation: general characteristics |url=http://www.gks.ru/scripts/free/1c.exe?XXXX09F.2.1/010000R |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110728064121/http://www.gks.ru/scripts/free/1c.exe?XXXX09F.2.1%2F010000R |archivedate=July 28, 2011 |work=Federal State Statistics Service |accessdate=April 5, 2008 |deadurl=yes}}</ref>&nbsp;{{small|(including swamps)}}
| population_estimate = 144,526,636 {{increase}}<ref name="gks.ru">{{cite web|title=ПРЕДВАРИТЕЛЬНАЯ ОЦЕНКА ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ ПОСТОЯННОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ на 1 января 2018 г. и в среднем за 2017 г.|url=http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/demo/PrPopul2018.xlsx|accessdate=February 23, 2018|website=www.gks.ru}}</ref> (without Crimea){{refn|name="Popnote"|When including the [[Republic of Crimea]] and [[Sevastopol]], the total population of Russia rises to 146,877,088.<ref name="gks.ru"/>}}
| population_estimate_year = 2018
| population_estimate_rank = 9th
| population_density_km2 = 8.4
| population_density_sq_mi = 21.5
| population_density_rank = 225th
| GDP_PPP = $4.152 trillion<ref name="imf.org">{{cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=85&pr.y=9&sy=2018&ey=2022&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=922&s=NGDPD,PPPGDP,NGDPDPC,PPPPC&grp=0&a=|title=Report for Selected Countries and Subjects|website=www.imf.org}}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_year = 2018
| GDP_PPP_rank = 6th
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $28,918<ref name="imf.org"/>
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = 49th
| GDP_nominal = $1.522 trillion<ref name="imf.org"/>
| GDP_nominal_year = 2018
| GDP_nominal_rank = 12th
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $10,630<ref name="imf.org"/>
| GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 67th
| Gini = 37.7 <!--number only-->
| Gini_year = 2015
| Gini_change = decrease <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| Gini_ref = <ref name="WBgini">{{cite web |url=https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=RU |title= GINI index (World Bank estimate) |publisher= World Bank |accessdate= November 2, 2017}}</ref>
| Gini_rank = 98
| HDI = 0.804 <!--number only-->
| HDI_year = 2015<!-- Please use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year-->
| HDI_change = increase<!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| HDI_ref = <ref name="HDI">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|title=Human Development Report 2016 – "Human Development for everyone"|date=2016|accessdate=March 21, 2017|publisher=United Nations Development Programme}}</ref>
| HDI_rank = 49th
| currency = [[Russian ruble]] ([[Ruble sign|₽]])
| currency_code = RUB
| utc_offset = +2 to +12
| date_format = dd.mm.yyyy
| drives_on = right
| calling_code = [[Telephone numbers in Russia|+7]]
| cctld = {{unbulleted list |[[.ru]] |[[.su]] |[[.рф]]}}
| footnote_a = The Crimean Peninsula is [[United Nations General Assembly Resolution 68/262|recognized]] as territory of [[Ukraine]] by a majority of UN member nations, but is de facto [[Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation|administered]] by Russia.<ref>{{cite news|last=Taylor|first=Adam|title=Crimea has joined the ranks of the world's 'gray areas.' Here are the others on that list.|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/03/22/crimea-has-joined-the-ranks-of-the-worlds-gray-areas-here-are-the-others-on-that-list/|publisher=The Washington Post|accessdate=March 27, 2014|date=March 22, 2014}}</ref>
| footnote_b = The [[Belavezha Accords]] was signed in Brest, Belarus on December 8, creating the [[Commonwealth of Independent States]] in which the [[Supreme Soviet of Russia|Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR]] ratified the accords on December 12, denouncing the 1922 treaty. On December 25, Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation and the following the day on December 26, the [[Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union]] ratified the accords, effectively [[Dissolution of the Soviet Union|dissolving]] the Soviet Union.
| religion = [[Religion in Russia|See ''Religion in Russia'']]
| area_magnitude = 1 E13
}}
 
 
{{Infobox Country
|مقامی_نام = روسی وفاق<br>Russian Federation<br>Российская Федерация<br>Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
اتر اولهه کان ڏکڻ اوڀر جي طرف [[روس]] جون زميني سرحدون ناروي، فنلينڊ، استونيا، لٽويا، لٿووينيا ۽ پولينڊ، بيلاروس، يوڪرين، جارجيا، آذربائيجان، قازقستان، چين، منگوليا، ۽ اتر ڪوريا سان ملن ٿيون۔ جڏهن ته هن جون آبي سرحدون [[جاپان]] کان اخوتسڪ سمنڊ، گڏيل آمريڪي رياستن جي ریاست الاسڪا  کان بيرنگ سمنڊ ۽ [[ڪئناڊا]] جي ڄميل سمنڊ طرف اتر جا ٻيٽ ملن ٿا.
 
روس سيپٽمبر 2012 جي مطابق 143 ملين ماڻهن سان دنيا جو نائون سڀ کان وڌيڪ آبادي وارو ملڪ آهي۔
 
== سياسي ورهاست ==