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سلجھائپ صفحن جي لاءِ معاونت نظر ھيٺ مضمون the capital of Austria تي آهي. ٻين استعمالن جي لاءِ ويانا (سلجھائپ) ڏسو.

زمرو:dmy تاريخون استعمال Dmy تاريخون استعمال

Capital city and state
From top, left to right: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna City Hall, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna State Opera, and Austrian Parliament Building
جهنڊو Vienna
سرڪاري مُهر Vienna
Coat of arms of Vienna
نسبتي نشان
Vienna is located in آسٽریا
Location within Austria
Vienna is located in Europe
Location within Europe
متناسقات: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.200°N 16.367°E / 48.200; 16.367
 • باڊيGemeinderat and Landtag of Vienna
 • Mayor and GovernorMichael Ludwig (سانچو:مشھوري)
 • Vice-Mayors
ايراضيسانچو:Austria population Wikidata
 • Capital city and state[[1 E+اظھاري چُڪَ: اڻڄاتل وقفي نشاني "["._m²|سانچو:Austria population Wikidata ڪلوميٽراسڪوائر]] (اظھاري چُڪَ: غير متوقع < عامل. اسڪوائر ميل)
 • زمين395.26 ڪلوميٽراسڪوائر (152.61 اسڪوائر ميل)
 • پاڻي19.39 ڪلوميٽراسڪوائر (7.49 اسڪوائر ميل)
اوچائي151 (Lobau) – 542 (Hermannskogel) ميل (495–1,778 ft)
آبادي (سانچو:Austria population Wikidata)سانچو:Austria population Wikidata
 • Capital city and stateسانچو:Austria population Wikidata
 • رينڪ1st in Austria (7th in EU)
 • گھاٽائي4,326.1/km2 (11,205/sq mi)
 • ميٽرو2,600,000
 • Ethnicity[1][2]61.2% Austrian
38.8% Other
 Statistik Austria,[3] VCÖ – Mobilität mit Zukunft[4]
مقامي آباديViennese (Wiener)
ٽائيم زونCET (UTC+1)
 •  اونھاري جو (روشني جي بچت وارو وقت)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code
HDI (2017)0.936[6]
very high · 1st
GDP (Nominal)€94 billion (2017)[7]
GDP per capita€50,000 (2017)[7]
Seats in the Federal Council
11 / 61
Vienna logo.svg

سرڪاري نالوHistoric Centre of Vienna
معيارii, iv, vi
عهدو2001 (25th session)
حوالا نمبر.1033
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
Endangered2017 (2017)–present[8]

Vienna (Listeni/viˈɛnə/;[9][10] جرمن: Wien [vi:n] (About this sound ٻڌو)) is the federal capital, largest city and one of nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million[1] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[4] nearly one third of the country's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants.[11] Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin.[12][13] Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of Czechia, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants.[حوالو گھربل] In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.[14]

Apart from being regarded as the City of Music[15] because of its musical legacy, Vienna is also said to be "The City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psychoanalyst – Sigmund Freud.[16] The city's roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city, and then the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is well known for having played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstraße lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.[17]

Vienna is known for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver and San Francisco) for the world's most liveable cities. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne.[18][19][20][21][22] In 2018, it replaced Melbourne as the number one spot.[23] For ten consecutive years (2009–2019), the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey of hundreds of cities around the world.[24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31] Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within."[32][33][34][35][36]

The UN-Habitat classified Vienna as the most prosperous city in the world in 2012/2013.[37] The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and sixth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.[38][39][40] Vienna regularly hosts urban planning conferences and is often used as a case study by urban planners.[41]

Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one destination for international congresses and conventions.[42] It attracts over 6.8 million tourists a year.[43]


  1. 1.0 1.1 STATISTIK AUSTRIA. "Bevölkerung zu Jahres-/Quartalsanfang". حاصل ڪيل 12 February 2016. 
  2. "Vienna in figures 2012, Vienna City Administration Municipal Department 23 Economic history, Labour and Statistics Responsible for the contents: Gustav Lebhart, page 6" (PDF). وقت 18 October 2012 تي اصل (PDF) کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 21 September 2012. 
  3. "Statistik Austria – Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland". حاصل ڪيل 22 May 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "VCÖ.at: VCÖ fordert Nahverkehrsoffensive gegen Verkehrskollaps in den Städten". وقت 6 July 2011 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 5 August 2009. 
  5. "Postlexikon". Post AG. حاصل ڪيل 2 June 2018. 
  6. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". حاصل ڪيل 13 September 2018. 
  7. 7.0 7.1
  8. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Centre of Vienna inscribed on List of World Heritage in Danger". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. حاصل ڪيل 20 May 2019. 
  9. Wells, John C., Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, Longman, ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0 
  10. Roach, Peter, Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-15253-2 
  11. "Vienna after the war", The New York Times, 29 December 1918 (PDF)
  12. Wien nun zweitgrößte deutschsprachige Stadt | touch.ots.atLua error in ماڊيول:Lang/utilities at line 79: attempt to call local 'name_from_tag' (a nil value).
  13. "Ergebnisse Zensus 2011" (ٻولي ۾ German). Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder. حاصل ڪيل 31 May 2013. 
  14. "Historic Centre of Vienna". UNESCO. حاصل ڪيل 12 July 2017. 
  15. "Vienna – the City of Music – VIENNA – NOW OR NEVER". حاصل ڪيل 19 May 2012. 
  16. BBC Documentary – Vienna – The City of Dreams
  17. "Historic Centre of Vienna". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. حاصل ڪيل 19 May 2012. 
  18. "The world's most 'liveable' cities 2015". Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  19. "The world's most 'liveable' cities 2014" (PDF). حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  20. "The world's most liveable cities 2013". حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  21. "The world's most 'liveable' cities 2012". حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  22. "The world's most 'liveable' cities 2011". حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  23. "The world's most liveable city named" (en-GB ۾). BBC News. 14 August 2018. 
  24. "Quality of Living City Ranking – Mercer". حاصل ڪيل 20 May 2019. 
  25. "Mercer 2015 Quality of Living Rankings". 
  26. "2014 Quality of Living survey". 
  27. "Mercer press release: Quality of Living global city rankings—2009". وقت 23 January 2011 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 2 December 2011. 
  28. "Mercer Quality of LIfe Worldwide City Rankings, 2010 from". وقت 4 December 2011 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 2 December 2011. 
  29. "Mercer's Survey 2011". Mercer. وقت 2 May 2014 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. 
  30. Inocencio, Ramy (4 December 2012). "What city has world's best quality of life?". CNN. 
  31. "Mercer | Quality of Living Ranking 2016". وقت 11 November 2016 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 22 November 2016. 
  32. Monocle. "Quality of Live Survey 2015". Monocle. حاصل ڪيل 24 June 2015. Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna fourth on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within" (up from sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010).
  33. "Quality of Life Survey 2012". Monocle. وقت 4 August 2012 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 1 August 2012. 
  34. "Monocle's top 25 cities for 2011, on". حاصل ڪيل 2 December 2011. 
  35. "Monocle's 2011 "Quality of LIfe" summary". حاصل ڪيل 3 December 2011. 
  36. "08 Vienna". وقت 7 May 2012 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 19 May 2012. 
  37. "State of the World’s Cities 2012/2013". حاصل ڪيل 25 August 2015. 
  38. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings: Innovation Cities Program". حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  39. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings: Innovation Cities Program". حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  40. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings: Innovation Cities Program". حاصل ڪيل 20 August 2015. 
  41. "Vienna knows how". وقت 15 September 2010 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 3 January 2011. 
  42. "Vienna is the world's number one congress destination". وقت 21 August 2011 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 15 October 2011. 
  43. "Vienna Tourist Board: Arrivals & bednights 2016". حاصل ڪيل 9 April 2016.