"ننگشيا" جي ورجائن ۾ تفاوت

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سنوار جو تَتُ ڪونھي
ٽيگَ: موبائل سنوار موبائل ويب سنوار متقدم موبائل سنوار
ٽيگَ: موبائل سنوار موبائل ويب سنوار متقدم موبائل سنوار
 
 
'''ننگشيا'''{{ٻيا نالا|انگريزي= ''' Ningxia '''}} جنھن جو سرڪاري نالو '''ننگشيا جي خودمختيار ريجن''' {{ٻيا نالا|انگريزي= '''Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region '''}} آھي [[چين |عوامي جمهوريه چين]] جي اتراولھ خطي ۾ واقع ھڪ خودمختيار غيرساحلي ريجن جو نالو آهي. شروع م ننگشيا چين جو ھڪ صوبو ھيو جيڪو بعد ۾ 1954ع ۾ [[گينسو صوبو|گينسو]] صوبي ۾ ضم ڪيو ويو. 1958ع ۾ ان کي ٻيھر الڳ ڪري [[ھئي ماڻھو |ھئي]] نسل جي ماڻهن جي ھڪ خودمختيار ريجن جو درجو ڏنو ويو. ھئي نسل چين جي سرڪاري طور تي تسليم ڪيل 56 نسلي گروهن مان ھڪ آھي. چين ۾ ان نسل جي ويھ سيڪڙو آبادي ننگشيا ۾ رھندڙ آھي<ref>{{cite news|title=By choosing assimilation, China's Hui have become one of the world's most successful Muslim minorities|url=https://www.economist.com/news/china/21708274-choosing-assimilation-chinas-hui-have-become-one-worlds-most-successful-muslim|access-date=8 October 2016|work=[[The Economist]]|date=8 October 2016}}</ref>. ننگشيا جي اوڀر ۾ [[شانشي صوبو| شانشي]]، ڏکڻ ۽ اولھ ۾ [[گينسو صوبو| گينسو ]]۽ اتر ۾ [[انر منگوليا]] جي خودمختيار ريجن واقع آهن. ھن ريجن جي پکيڙ {{convert|66400|km2}} آھي. ڇڊي آبادي واري ھن ريجن لوئيس واري پوٺوھار جي بيابان ۽ پيلي ندي واري وسيع ميداني علائقي تي مشتمل آهي. ان جي اتر اوڀر واري حدن ۾ ديوار چين واقع آهي. چن گھراڻي جي راڄ ۾ ھن ريجن جو ٻہ ھزار سال قديم نھري نظام قائم ٿيو جنھن ۾ نھرن جي ڪل ڊيگھ 1397 ڪلوميٽر آھي<ref>{{cite news|title=宁夏回族自治区资源概况|url=http://www.china.com.cn/aboutchina/zhuanti/09dfgl/2009-12/17/content_19081129_3.htm|access-date=2 October 2018|work=[[The Economist]]|date=2 October 2018}}</ref>.
 
) has been built from [[Qin dynasty]]. Extensive [[land reclamation]] and [[irrigation]] projects have made increased cultivation possible.
Ningxia is bounded by [[Shaanxi]] to the east, Gansu to the south and west and [[Inner Mongolia|Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region]] to the north and has an area of around {{convert|66400|km2}}.<ref name=area/> This sparsely settled, mostly desert region lies partially on the [[Loess Plateau]] and in the vast plain of the [[Yellow River]] and features the [[Great Wall of China]] along its northeastern boundary. Over about 2000 years an extensive system of [[canal]]s (The total length about 1397 kilometers<ref>{{cite news|title=宁夏回族自治区资源概况|url=http://www.china.com.cn/aboutchina/zhuanti/09dfgl/2009-12/17/content_19081129_3.htm|access-date=2 October 2018|work=[[The Economist]]|date=2 October 2018}}</ref>) has been built from [[Qin dynasty]]. Extensive [[land reclamation]] and [[irrigation]] projects have made increased cultivation possible.
 
Ningxia was the core area of the [[Western Xia]] in the 11th-13th century, established by the Tangut people; its name, "Peaceful Xia", derived from the [[Mongol conquest of Western Xia|Mongol conquest of the state]].<ref name="britannica"/> The Tanguts made significant achievements in literature, art, music, and architecture, particularly invented [[Tangut script]]. Long one of the country's poorest areas, a small winemaking industry has become economically important since the 1980s. Before the arrival of [[viticulture]], Ningxia's 6.8 million people, 36 per cent of whom are Muslims from the [[Hui people|Hui]] ethnic group, relied largely on [[Grazing|animal grazing]], [[subsistence agriculture]] and the cultivation of [[Goji|wolfberries]] used in [[traditional Chinese medicine]]. The province housed almost 40,000 hectares of wine grapes and produced 120 million wine bottles in 2017 – a quarter of the entire nation's production.<ref>https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/economics/article/3009784/can-china-become-wine-worlds-next-california</ref>