"گلن وارا ٻوٽا" جي ورجائن ۾ تفاوت

سنوار جو تَتُ ڪونھي
(نئون صفحو: {{Automatic taxobox | name = گلن وارا ٻوٽا | fossil_range = Early Cretaceouspresent, {{fossilrange|130|0|earliest=174}} Pos...)
ٽيگَ: موبائل سنوار موبائل ويب سنوار
 
ٽيگَ: موبائل سنوار موبائل ويب سنوار
 
 
The'''گلن وارا ٻوٽا'''{{ٻيا نالا|انگريزي= ''''''flowering plants''', also'''}} knownجن asکي علم نباتات ۾ '''اينجيوسپرمس'''{{ٻيا نالا|انگريزي= ''' angiosperms''',}} يا '''اينجيوسپرماء'''{{ٻيا نالا|انگريزي= ''' Angiospermae'''}} <ref name="Lindley">{{cite book | last=Lindley | first=J | year=1830 | url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31944#page/21/mode/1up| title=Introduction to the Natural System of Botany | location=London | publisher= Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green | pages=xxxvi | nopp=true }}</ref><ref name="Cantino">{{cite journal |last1=Cantino |first1=Philip D. |last2=Doyle |first2=James A. |last3=Graham |first3=Sean W. |last4=Judd |first4=Walter S. |last5=Olmstead |first5=Richard G. |last6=Soltis |first6=Douglas E. |authorlink6=Douglas E. Soltis |last7=Soltis |first7=Pamela S.|authorlink7 = Pamela S. Soltis|last8=Donoghue |first8=Michael J. | year=2007 | title= Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of ''Tracheophyta'' | journal=Taxon | volume=56 | issue=3 | pages= E1–E44 | ref= harv | doi=10.2307/25065865|jstor=25065865 }}</ref> orيا '''Magnoliophytaميگنولئوفائٽا''',{{sfn|Takhtajanٻيا نالا|1980انگريزي= '''Magnoliophyta '''}} are the[[زميني mostٻوٽا|زميني diverseٻوٽن]] group{{ٻيا ofنالا|انگريزي= ''' [[Embryophyte|land'''}} plants]],جا withسڀ کان وڌيڪ جنسن وارا ٻوٽا آهن. جن جون 64 [[Order(biology)|orders]],جنسي ترتيبون، 416 [[Familyڪٽنب، (biology)|families]],لڳ approximatelyڀڳ 13,00013000 knownسڃاتل [[genera]]جنسون and۽ 300,00030000 knownاڻ [[species]]سڃاتل جنسون آھن.<ref name="Christenhusz-Byng2016">{{cite journal |author1=Christenhusz, M. J. M. |author2=Byng, J. W. | year = 2016 | title = The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase | journal = Phytotaxa | volume = 261 | pages = 201–217 | url = http://biotaxa.org/Phytotaxa/article/download/phytotaxa.261.3.1/20598 | doi = 10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1 | issue = 3 }}</ref> Like [[gymnosperm]]s, angiosperms are [[Spermatophyte|seed-producing plants]]. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including [[flower]]s, [[endosperm]] within the [[seed]]s, and the production of [[fruit]]s that contain the seeds. Etymologically, [[wikt:angiosperm|''angiosperm'']] means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the [[Greek language|Greek]] words ''angeion'' ("case" or "casing") and sperma ("seed").
'''گلن وارا ٻوٽا'''{{ٻيا نالا|انگريزي= ''''''flowering plants''' '''}}
 
The '''flowering plants''', also known as '''angiosperms''', '''Angiospermae'''<ref name="Lindley">{{cite book | last=Lindley | first=J | year=1830 | url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31944#page/21/mode/1up| title=Introduction to the Natural System of Botany | location=London | publisher= Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green | pages=xxxvi | nopp=true }}</ref><ref name="Cantino">{{cite journal |last1=Cantino |first1=Philip D. |last2=Doyle |first2=James A. |last3=Graham |first3=Sean W. |last4=Judd |first4=Walter S. |last5=Olmstead |first5=Richard G. |last6=Soltis |first6=Douglas E. |authorlink6=Douglas E. Soltis |last7=Soltis |first7=Pamela S.|authorlink7 = Pamela S. Soltis|last8=Donoghue |first8=Michael J. | year=2007 | title= Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of ''Tracheophyta'' | journal=Taxon | volume=56 | issue=3 | pages= E1–E44 | ref= harv | doi=10.2307/25065865|jstor=25065865 }}</ref> or '''Magnoliophyta''',{{sfn|Takhtajan|1980}} are the most diverse group of [[Embryophyte|land plants]], with 64 [[Order(biology)|orders]], 416 [[Family (biology)|families]], approximately 13,000 known [[genera]] and 300,000 known [[species]].<ref name="Christenhusz-Byng2016">{{cite journal |author1=Christenhusz, M. J. M. |author2=Byng, J. W. | year = 2016 | title = The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase | journal = Phytotaxa | volume = 261 | pages = 201–217 | url = http://biotaxa.org/Phytotaxa/article/download/phytotaxa.261.3.1/20598 | doi = 10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1 | issue = 3 }}</ref> Like [[gymnosperm]]s, angiosperms are [[Spermatophyte|seed-producing plants]]. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including [[flower]]s, [[endosperm]] within the [[seed]]s, and the production of [[fruit]]s that contain the seeds. Etymologically, [[wikt:angiosperm|''angiosperm'']] means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the [[Greek language|Greek]] words ''angeion'' ("case" or "casing") and sperma ("seed").
Like [[gymnosperm]]s, angiosperms are [[Spermatophyte|seed-producing plants]]. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including [[flower]]s, [[endosperm]] within the [[seed]]s, and the production of [[fruit]]s that contain the seeds. Etymologically, [[wikt:angiosperm|''angiosperm'']] means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the [[Greek language|Greek]] words ''angeion'' ("case" or "casing") and sperma ("seed").
 
The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms in the [[Triassic|Triassic Period]], 245 to 202 million years ago ([[myr|mya]]), and the first flowering plants are known from 160 mya. They diversified extensively during the [[Early Cretaceous]], became widespread by 120 mya, and replaced [[conifers]] as the dominant trees from 100 to 60 mya.